We name the malware và unwanted software that we detect according lớn the Computer Antivirut Research Organization (CARO) malware naming scheme. The scheme uses the following format:


When our analysts retìm kiếm a particular threat, they"ll determine what each of the components of the name will be.

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Describes what the malware does on your computer. Worms, viruses, trojans, backdoors, and ransomware are some of the most common types of malware.



Platforms indicate the operating system (such as Windows, masOS X, và Android) the malware is designed to work on. The platform is also used khổng lồ indicate programming languages and tệp tin formats.

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Operating systems

AndroidOS: Android operating systemDOS: MS-DOS platformEPOC: Psion devicesFreeBSD: FreeBSD platformiPhoneOS: iPhone operating systemLinux: Linux platformmacOS: MAC 9.x platform or earliermacOS_X: MacOS X or laterOS2: OS2 platformPalm: Palm operating systemSolaris: System V-based Unix platformsSunOS: Unix platforms 4.1.3 or lowerSymbOS: Symbian operating systemUnix: general Unix platformsWin16: Win16 (3.1) platformWin2K: Windows 2000 platformWin32: Windows 32-bit platformWin64: Windows 64-bit platformWin95: Windows 95, 98 and ME platformsWin98: Windows 98 platkhung onlyWinCE: Windows CE platformWinNT: WinNT

Scripting languages

ABAP: Advanced Business Application Programming scriptsALisp: ALisp scriptsAmiPro: AmiPro scriptANSI: American National Standards Institute scriptsAppleScript: compiled Apple scriptsASP: Active sầu Server Pages scriptsAutoIt: AutoIT scriptsBAS: Basic scriptsBAT: Basic scriptsCorelScript: Corelscript scriptsHTA: HTML Application scriptsHTML: HTML Application scriptsINF: Install scriptsIRC: mIRC/pIRC scriptsJava: Java binaries (classes)JS: JavaScript scriptsLOGO: LOGO scriptsMPB: MapBasic scriptsMSH: Monad shell scriptsMSIL: .NET intermediate language scriptsPerl: Perl scriptsPHP: Hypertext Preprocessor scriptsPython: Python thả scriptsSAP: SAP. platform scriptsSH: Shell scriptsVBA: Visual Basic for Applications scriptsVBS: Visual Basic scriptsWinBAT: Winbatch scriptsWinHlp: Windows Help scriptsWinREG: Windows registry scripts


A97M: Access 97, 2000, XPhường., 2003, 2007, & 2010 macrosHE: macro scriptingO97M: Office 97, 2000, XPhường, 2003, 2007, & 2010 macros - those that affect Word, Excel, and PowerPointPP97M: PowerPoint 97, 2000, XPhường, 2003, 2007, và 2010 macrosV5M: Visio5 macrosW1M: Word1MacroW2M: Word2MacroW97M: Word 97, 2000, XP., 2003, 2007, & 2010 macrosWM: Word 95 macrosX97M: Excel 97, 2000, XP.., 2003, 2007, and 2010 macrosXF: Excel formulasXM: Excel 95 macros

Other tệp tin types

ASX: XML metatệp tin of Windows Media .asf filesHC: HyperCard Apple scriptsMIME: MIME packetsNetware: Novell Netware filesQT: Quicktime filesSB: StarBasic (Staroffice XML) filesSWF: Shockwave sầu Flash filesTSQL: MS Squốc lộ VPS filesXML: XML files


Grouping of malware based on comtháng characteristics, including attribution lớn the same authors. Security software providers sometimes use different names for the same malware family.

Variant letter

Used sequentially for every distinct version of a malware family. For example, the detection for the variant ".AF" would have been created after the detection for the variant ".AE".

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Provides extra detail about the malware, including how it is used as part of a multicomponent threat. In the example above sầu, "!lnk" indicates that the threat component is a shortcut file used by Trojan:Win32/Reveton.T.

.dam: damaged malware.dll: Dynamic Link Library component of a malware.dr: dropper component of a malware.gen: malware that is detected using a generic signature.kit: vi khuẩn constructor.ldr: loader component of a malware.pak: compressed malware.plugin: plug-in component.remnants: remnants of a virus.worm: worm component of that malware!bit: an internal category used lớn refer to some threats!cl: an internal category used lớn refer to some threats!dha: an internal category used to refer lớn some threats!pfn: an internal category used to lớn refer khổng lồ some threats!plock: an internal category used lớn refer khổng lồ some threats!rfn: an internal category used khổng lồ refer lớn some threats!rootkit: rootkit component of that malware

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